The 3 Million Plan announced in 2012 by Anfac, the employers’ association of automobile manufacturers in Spain, expects to reach this figure of vehicle production in the plants in the country by 2017.


Should the goal be achieved, Spain will return to the Top Ten global producers of vehicles that it came out of in 2012 to fall to twelfth place.


Although going back into the top ten could come ahead of time in this year or even reach ninth place. Due to its own strengths, and the defects of others.


Regarding the former, we find the statistics. Such as, for example, that in the last 12 months, there were increases in production in all but January. Many of these amounted to two digit figures, in such a way that in the first half close to 1.3 million units were assembled. This represents a 12% increase and is above the full-year forecasts, predicted at 2.4 million.



Among the defects of others, it must be taken into account the bad time which countries that are now above are passing. One of these, Thailand, has just ruled itself out of the race this year by announcing plans to produce 2.2 million vehicles. That is, 10.2% down on the 2.46 million units which it served in 2013 to move from tenth to ninth place, at the expense of Canada. Even this country is within reach because until June and according to the consultancy WardsAuto, its factories had assembled 1.18 million vehicles of all types, with a drop of 1.8%.



It seems easier to overtake Russia (11th in 2013). Firstly, because last year we were separated by a mere 12,000 units. Secondly, because car sales there are still weaker than in 2013 and could even drop by up to 12%. This figure is crucial because their case is the opposite of the Spanish, with factories that are very dependent on a domestic market that absorbs three out of four cars assembled.



If Spain overtakes these three countries (Mexico, eighth, is untouchable due to the amount of new production that it is receiving), and would return to its place before 2011. Before, between 2004 and 2006 it had become the seventh world power. Its fall from the Top Ten in 2012 followed a drop in production of 17% to 1.97 million vehicles, the worst figure since 1993.


The climb would put the cherry on the cake of a financial year that, in any event, is especially brilliant. Because parent companies, such as Nissan, Opel, Ford, VW or Mercedes-Benz, continue to entrust projects to Spanish factories and have added new models to their assembly lines in 2014.



The result of this is the creation, in the first quarter alone, of more than 6,000 jobs (84% of them, of indefinite duration). Jobs that recover in part some of the jobs lost in the crisis at a pace, certainly, much lower than in industry as a whole. Between 2008 and 2013 the latter destroyed 28% employment, compared to only 8% in car factories.


Likewise, its export potential makes this activity one of the commercial pillars. Between January and June, the sector, now including manufacturers of motorcycles and related industry, recorded a positive trade balance of 2,193 million, 48.9% less than a year earlier, but still a figure to be very much taken into account when in the economy as a whole the deficit doubled to 11.882 million.



And if one considers strictly the manufacturers grouped in Anfac, the goal is to end the year with a trade surplus of about 16,000 million, ten times more than it had before the crisis.


It is also fair to acknowledge that these records have been made possible thanks to support from the Government, which has deployed nearly a dozen aid plans to revitalise the market. Although not putting them into practice would have been tremendously short-sighted: the last Pive 6 alone, endowed with 175 million euros of public funds, is estimated to have a dynamic effect on the economy of 2.000 million euros.




Source: expansion.com; 2014-08-29

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